Kratom in Sumatra: The fifth largest island in the world with a population of over 50 million people, Sumatra is in the western region of Indonesia in the Sunda Island chain. In fact, Sumatra is the largest island that is occupied solely by Indonesia. The other islands of Indonesia are Borneo and New Guinea, which are both shared with other nations. It is also the site of numerous kratom plantations.
Kratom (mitragyna speciosa) trees are a member of the coffee tree family. Incidentally, Sumatra is the world’s largest producer of Indonesian coffee. Robusta coffee producers are situated in the lowlands, while Arabica coffee varieties are grown in the highlands.
Kratom trees tend to thrive in a tropical rainforest environment and historically, rainforests have covered the island of Sumatra. But in recent years, illegal logging has led to the destruction of thousands of acres of Sumatran rainforests, adversely impacting the quantities of wild kratom trees.
That said, there are still large quantities of wild kratom trees in Sumatra’s old growth forests. These kratom varieties are said to have some of the most potent alkaloid concentrations of all kratom strains.
Sumatra is a prime location for growing Sumatra kratom, some strains of Indo kratom and Bali kratom (the latter is so named because it is typically shipped internationally through Bali.)
As part of Indonesia, kratom is legal in Sumatra. It can be possessed, utilized, sold and grown without penalty. In fact, kratom plantations account for a fair portion of the island’s exports.
While in most of Indonesia, kratom – locally known as “Ithang” and “Kakuam” – does not have the prominent role that is seen in Thailand or Malaysia, Sumatra actually has a fairly rich history surrounding kratom and kratom harvesting.
In fact, there are some very old kratom harvesting methods that date back hundreds or even thousands of years. Local kratom farmers use cultivation and harvesting methods that have been handed down from generation to generation, ensuring that only the most alkaloid-rich leaves are harvested.
Since kratom seeds are notoriously challenging to cultivate, virtually all of the kratom trees that are found on Sumatran plantations were grown from cuttings that where taken from the original kratom trees that can be traced back to the ancient Sumatran rainforests.
Some of the best known strains of Sumatra kratom are white vein Sumatra, regarded as one of the most potent white vein varieties, and and Sumatra red vein, which is known as one of the most relaxing varieties. Sumatran red vein kratom is also renowned for the long duration, lasting up to ten hours – more than three times the length of other varieties. Sumatra’s kratom is renowned for being amongst the most potent.
For many generations, Sumatrans have chewed raw kratom leaves, which were de-veined to amplify the potency. In fact, some anthropologists believe that the widespread use of kratom in Sumatran culture has contributed to the relaxed, laid back way of life that is typical even today.
Native Sumatran cultures have used kratom as a natural medicine for many hundreds of years, chewing the raw de-veined leaves or brewing a tea and using it to treat pain, diarrhea and anxiety. It was also used by the working class as an analgesic, energy booster and mood