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A Breakdown of the Powerful Compounds Found in CBD

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CBD and THC are the two types of cannabinoids that most people have heard about, and for good reason — they’re two of the most abundant cannabinoids in hemp and marijuana, respectively, and we’re only just beginning to identify all of the medicinal and mood-altering properties that they offer.

Of the entire list of 113+ cannabinoids, CBD or cannabidiol has been attracting attention for its non-euphoric nature and ability to boost the regulatory functions of the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Let’s take a look at the cannabidiol compound and its properties for enhancing health.

Cannabis Compounds: CBD and THC

Although these two types of cannabinoids have very different effects, the chemical structures of CBD and THC are remarkably similar. Both types of cannabinoids have the same formula — C21H30O2 — which means that they have 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms each. They also have an extremely similar molecular mass, with THC weighing 314.469 g/mol and CBD weighing 314.464 g/mol.

The main difference between THC and CBD lies in the final detail of cannabinoid development. Where fully-formed THC contains a cyclic ring in its molecular structure, CBD has a hydroxyl group structure. From this one difference, we get vastly different pharmacological properties that express themselves when the compounds are applied.

Are Compounds like CBD Made up of Multiple Ingredients?

Fresh fettuccine pasta with eggs, flour, and a rolling pin on a table.

Of all the types of cannabinoids, CBD is one of the most fascinating — due to its wide range of medical applications. However, while CBD provides multiple benefits, CBD is a single chemical and is not made up of smaller sub-ingredients. What we can talk about with respect to CBD are its multiple properties for supporting health.


Cannabidiol, as well as THC and other types of cannabinoids, offers analgesic properties that can be helpful for managing pain. While cannabis smokers have shared many anecdotal reports of analgesic effects from inhaled cannabis, clinical trials have been fewer and farther between. CBD alone still appears to ease aches and pains, especially when applied topically.


The second property that cannabidiol displays is that of an anti-inflammatory agent. Rather than affecting the inflammatory process directly like some other types of cannabinoids, CBD upregulates the entire endocannabinoid system so that the body is better able to reduce inflammation (both systemic and localized) on its own.

So far, the anti-inflammatory properties of CBD have been applied to inflammatory skin problems such as acne, as well as more systemic inflammatory conditions. Whether you’d like to try CBD for systemic or localized inflammation, our diverse range of CBD oils and CBD topicals provides both of these options.


If you’ve read about skincare and the various types of cannabinoids, you’ll probably have discovered that CBD has powerful antioxidant properties — this is why CBD is often used in anti-aging products, even though its anti-aging properties have not been proven.

  • Understanding the Term

Rather than CBD containing compounds called “antioxidants,” the word “antioxidant” is more of a description of what the CBD chemical does in the body — much like the word “anti-inflammatory” or “analgesic.” The function of an antioxidant is to slow the oxidation process (kind of like rusting!), protect the cells against free-radical damage, and promote cell renewal for a healthier and more rejuvenated body.


By now, it might seem like most of the functions of CBD and others on the list of cannabinoids are mostly “anti-” this and “anti-” that. However, this shouldn’t be surprising — as most of the health problems we regularly experience can be connected to imbalances in the endocannabinoid system! Anxiety is a popular reason that people try the different types of cannabinoids — whether through oils or any of the myriad of cannabis-based products available.

A Japanese study published in 2019 indicated that a daily dose of 300 mg CBD oil could be effective for reducing social anxiety disorder (SAD) in older teens. A large case series also published in 2019 explains that CBD has a calming effect on the central nervous system (CNS) in general, and this could explain its psychological calming effects.

Discover Cannabidiol that’s Free from Other Types of Cannabinoids at Kratora

At Kratora, you can enjoy the many beneficial properties of pure, THC-free cannabidiol isolate with our flavored CBD oils and CBD-infused topicals. As isolates, our products are guaranteed to be 100% free of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and other types of cannabinoids — a huge bonus for anyone who might be concerned about an upcoming drug test.

To experience the power of the cannabinoids list’s primary superstar — cannabidiol — for yourself, shop our CBD products. You can also shop our kratom collections, and alternative products online and earn generous rewards points on each dollar you spend. Products ordered before 3 p.m. Mondays through Fridays and 1 p.m. Saturdays (EST, excludes holidays) are eligible for same-day shipping.

The statements made regarding these products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to information from health care practitioners. Please consult your health care professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product.

Want to learn more about kratom quality and value? Start here:
Why Buying Cheap Kratom Can Be Dangerous

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